In 2015, the DCA was expanded and signed to mark the 10th anniversary of the 2005 SFA and the 25th anniversary of the 1990 agreement. The DCA, strengthened in 2015, further strengthened defence relations and strengthened military cooperation in five areas: military, political, strategic, technological and unconventional security challenges. The two sides also agreed to strengthen cooperation in new areas such as humanitarian and disaster relief, cyber defence, biosecurity and communications. Defence relations are underpinned by several important bilateral agreements, including the 1990 agreement on the use of U.S. facilities in Singapore, the Strategic Framework Agreement (signed in July 2005) and the Expanded Defence Cooperation Agreement (Memorandum) signed in December 2015. Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong and U.S. President Donald Trump signed the 1990 amendment protocol in September 2019 and renewed it for a further 15 years. Economically, the United States is Singapore`s largest foreign direct investor by country. The U.S.-Singapore Free Trade Agreement, which came into force in 2004, was the first free trade agreement between the United States and an Asian country. The agreement facilitates U.S. forces` access to Singapore`s air and naval bases and provides logistical support to transit personnel, aircraft and ships.
Singapore`s Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong and U.S. President Donald Trump signed an agreement on Monday (September 23rd) at a meeting on the sidelines of the 74th United Nations General Assembly to extend the 1990 Protocol, which facilitates the use of Singapore`s facilities by the United States for a further 15 years. But both sides have tried to strengthen their relationship by celebrating the 50th anniversary of their relationship in 2016. On Monday, U.S. Defense Secretary Ash Carter and Singapore`s Defense Secretary Ng Eng Hen met at the Pentagon and signed the new Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement (DCA). Lee said the agreement reflected the close ties between the two countries. “We already updated it in 2005; and we are very pleased to update it to extend it for the next 15 years,” said Mr. Lee. It reflects our very good defence cooperation between the United States and Singapore, as well as the broader cooperation we have in so many other areas, security, the economy, the fight against terrorism, culture and education. The United States and Singapore concluded a new defence pact on Monday that will create a new framework for a broader defence relationship between the two strategic partners. The expanded defence cooperation agreement in 2015 strengthened cooperation in five areas, namely military, political, strategic, technological and unconventional security challenges. The two countries also agreed to strengthen cooperation in new areas such as humanitarian aid, disaster relief, cyber defence, biosecurity and public communications.
In 1990, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong and then President George W. Bush signed the Strategic Framework Agreement for Closer Defence and Security Policy (SFA) cooperation. In 2005, the SFA ended bilateral relations by recognizing Singapore as a “major security cooperation partner” of the United States. The 2005 SFA also articulates the principles of the Singapore-U.S. defence partnership and serves as a formal framework for existing and future areas of bilateral defence and security cooperation. Under the 2005 SFA, Singapore and the United States also concluded the following agreements, signed by teo Chee Hean, then Secretary of Defense, and Donald Rumsfeld, then U.S. Secretary of Defense: (a) the protocol for amending the 1990 agreement, renewed in 2005; and (b) the 2005 Defence Cooperation Agreement (DCA), which brought together cooperation activities in the defence field and provided for new areas of mutually beneficial cooperation.