During the first half-century of its independence, the United States participated in sixty treaties, but only 27 published executive agreements. At the beginning of the Second World War, there were about 800 treaties and 1,200 executive treaties. During the period 1940-1989, the nation entered into 759 contracts and issued 13,016 executive contracts. In total, in 1989, the United States was parties to 890 contracts and 5,117 executive contracts. In relative terms, in the first 50 years of its history, the United States has twice as many treaties as executive agreements. In the fiftieth anniversary from 1839 to 1889, there were more executive contracts than contracts. From 1889 to 1939, almost twice as many executive contracts were entered into as contracts. Between 1939 and 1993, executive agreements accounted for more than 90% of international agreements concluded.439 Reciprocity is a necessary feature of any agreement. If each required party does not win by the agreement as a whole, there is no incentive to approve it. If an agreement is reached, it can be assumed that each contracting party expects to win at least as much as it loses.
For example, Country A, in exchange for removing barriers to country B products, which benefit A consumers and B producers, will insist that Country B reduce barriers to country A products and thus benefit country A producers and perhaps B consumers. With the adoption of Colombia, South Korea and Panama, the United States now concludes 14 free trade agreements with 20 different countries. The legislative process of these agreements provides Congress with a unique opportunity to define the negotiating parameters of the executive branch while allowing it to lead. Trade agreements are an essential part of our international political economy, but they also show how our national institutions have evolved while our country has changed. In the struggle for our nation`s political climate, free trade agreements require a balanced contribution from the executive and legislative branches. The overlap of contractual power through cooperation between Congress and the executive branch in international agreements is also highlighted by the use of resolutions that approve U.S. membership in international organizations458 and participation in international conventions.459 Belmont and Pink have been strengthened in American Ins.