In 2008, an EU-Australia partnership framework was adopted, which removes trade barriers but is not a free trade agreement. The EU can now export almost 91% of its agri-food products to Canada duty-free. This means that EU exports to the Canadian market will be cheaper for high-income consumers. Savings can be made on tariffs and trade, which aim to reduce processing times at the border and make the movement of goods cheaper, faster, more predictable and more efficient. Quotas are limited for a number of sensitive products, such as beef, pork and sweet corn, entering the EU and for dairy products entering Canada. All imports from Canada must comply with EU rules and regulations. For example, only hormone-free meat is ever imported into the EU. Over the years, Ireland has developed a significant export of pork to Canada and there is now potential to develop exports of Irish beef and lamb. The abolition of the 26.5% Canadian import duty on Irish beef will be significant.
On August 5, 2014, Canada and the European Union agreed on the final text of a free trade agreement. The text was received by EU member states and Canadian provinces and territories. These are just the copyright provisions. There are sections dealing with patents, trademarks, designs and geographical indications (shortly). If you have any questions about CETA, please contact the Trade Policy Unit by email: email@example.com. In September 2017, Belgium asked the European Court of Justice to rule on the compatibility of CETA`s dispute resolution system with EU law. The agreement could only enter into force after the ECJ had issued its opinion, nor when the European Court of Justice found that CETA was incompatible with EU law.  On 30 April 2019, the European Court of Justice concluded that the CETA dispute settlement system was compatible with EU law.  At the Canada-EU Summit in Ottawa in December 2002, the Heads of State and Government issued a joint statement to develop a large-scale and forward-looking bilateral agreement to improve trade and investment. On March 18, 2004, at the Canada-EU Summit in Ottawa, the Heads of State and Government agreed on a framework for a Trade and Investment Improvement Agreement (TIEA). In December 2004, the Government of Canada and the European Commission adopted a voluntary regulatory cooperation framework. The first round of TIEA negotiations took place in Brussels in May 2005.
In 2006, Canada and the EU decided to suspend negotiations. On October 18, 2013, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper and European Commission President José Manuel Barroso signed an agreement in principle. Negotiations ended on 1 August 2014.  The trade agreement was formally presented on September 25, 2014 by Harper and Barroso at an EU-Canada summit at the Royal York Hotel in downtown Toronto.  The Canada Europe Roundtable for Business has served as a parallel trade process from the inception to the end of the CETA negotiations. In CETA, the EU and Canada reaffirm their commitment to sustainable development and agree that continued trade and new investment should strengthen, not weaken, environmental protection and workers` rights. It does not do much for trade in services and, above all, almost nothing for the trade in financial services, which is very important for the British economy. When it comes to implementing EU and Canadian commitments in these areas, CETA provides civil society, including professional associations, trade unions, consumer organisations, environmental groups and other non-governmental organizations (NGOs), with a strong oversight function.